This has been something I’ve meant to write for some time. It is something that seems to frustrate some within the profession and others are much more nonchalant about it. Well, I’m one who is much more of a stickler.

It is crucial that athletic trainers utilize proper terminology. You want respect from the media and the general public? Earn it. Live it. We must utilize proper terminology each and every day as professionals if we want our profession to get the respect it deserves. It starts with US! I have used the hashtag #AthleticTrainernottrainer numerous times on Twitter and so have other people. Read the rest of this entry »

The most common discussion right now in sports is surrounding concussions. Last month, the National Football League settled with former players relating to a lawsuit filed regarding concussions. Not a day goes by that Twitter is not filled with headlines from concussions at the youth, high school, college and professional levels. Many states have taken some sort of step, they believe, through legislation but critics say that legislation does not go far enough. In many states, that is true as some of the most vulnerable athletes are left with no legal protection. In many states, the concussion legislation only covers high school athletes. Illinois is one such state that while legislation is in place, it goes nowhere near far enough. In Illinois, the only ones truly protected are those who compete for IHSA schools as the law mandates such schools to have policies in place in accordance with IHSA rules. But what about those schools who are not members of the IHSA? What about middle schools, junior highs, and elementary schools? What about club sports?

Let’s look a little closer and we’ll often find that legislation only mandates education. But what education is sufficient? What is overkill? And does the education work?

Here today I want to consider a multi-level approach to concussions. We cannot forget any of these levels because each piece is an important piece.

I’ve said it before and I’ll say it again. Concussions themselves do not worry me so much. They happen and they will happen regardless of what we do. The biggest concern to me is the lack of recognition and the lack of awareness after the fact. We must improve this aspect.


Education is at the forefront of everything we do in the concussion world. Parents, athletes, coaches, school administrators, and healthcare providers must be educated in concussion recognition and concussion management. But does the current education go far enough? I don’t believe it does. Too often do I continue to hear things such as “I don’t have a headache” or “I didn’t lose consciousness” as reasons for why people believe they cannot have suffered a concussion. There are about 25 concussion symptoms; headache is not the only one. So when you report several symptoms, but no headache, you are likely concussed! And a small percentage of concussions result in loss of consciousness. It’s important to note if LOC did occur, but the severity of the injury is not linked to that potential event.

Student-athletes and parents must be educated on the signs and symptoms of a concussion. It’s important that the parents be able to recognize these problems with their son or daughter and equally important for the athlete to report problems to their parents, coaches, and or healthcare provider. Additionally, it is crucial that the athletes report problems that their teammates are experiencing. When you see your teammate “not acting right” then you need to say something!

Coaches also must be educated in the recognition of concussions. At the high school and youth level, there is not always a healthcare provider available. The coaches must take on these responsibilities and if there is any question, hold the athlete out until they are seen by a healthcare provider. Additionally, coaches must be educated in proper techniques whether that be tackling in football, heading a soccer ball, or stunting in cheerleading. Coaches should regularly undergo education in safety topics.

School administrators also must be educated so that cognitive impairments are identified and can be corrected. Concussions don’t only affect the physical activities such as sports, but can have significant problems in an academic setting. Concussion management must be included at the schools too.

Healthcare Providers

The National Athletic Trainers’ Association now says that approximately 60% of high schools nationwide have access to an athletic trainer. Athletic trainers are healthcare providers specifically trained in athletic injuries and one such injury is concussion. Athletic trainers have long been on the forefront of concussion recognition and concussion management.60% of high schools may have access to an athletic trainer, but what does that really mean? If it’s like at my current school, it means there is a healthcare provider there occasionally. But what about all the other occasions? If it’s the case of many schools, the athletic trainer is often there for football games only or maybe varsity events. But what about that freshmen soccer game? What about that cheerleading practice? There are many incidences where athletic trainers are not present, but the school “has access.”

On this blog, I have long said “Every Athlete Deserves an Athletic Trainer.” The time has come that schools MUST have athletic trainers. These individuals must be certified by the Board of Certification and licensed by their respective state. An inability to hire a full-time athletic trainer is an inability to provide adequate athletic opportunities to a school’s students.

In addition to a certified athletic trainer, schools must have a team physician who is also trained in concussion management. The athletic trainer and physician must work together for all injuries for the safety of the student-athlete.

Protocols and Procedures

The last piece of the puzzle is having proper protocols in place. We cannot allow a student-athlete to simply return because they “feel better.” There is a lot of controversy with regards to things like neurocognitive testing, baseline testing, and return to play protocols. But utilizing the available resources the healthcare providers should be able to develop protocols that are sound. In our company, we do utilize ImPACT but that’s just one tool in the big picture. You must also have progressive return to play protocols so that you gradually increase activity before allowing one to return fully to sports.

As you can see, there are multiple avenues that must be undertaken in order to properly manage concussions. It is this management that can be life or death so it is vital that we get it right. Do the right thing, and take the steps necessary. Educate, hire proper healthcare professionals, and have protocols in place.

This is a topic that has been around for several years now and I think it highly debated not only in athletic training, but in many different professions. Over the years, we’ve seen what some would call “degree inflation” in that a bachelor’s degree is no longer enough to be a professional. At one time, having a college degree was a big deal whereas now most people are getting at least a master’s degree. We have to consider if a master’s is the lowest that an athletic training professional should be required to possess.
At our summer session in June, we heard from Micki Cuppett, the Executive Director for CAATE and we also had a lively discussion amongst the students as to whether an entry-level masters (ELM) was the right route for our profession. In the August/September issue of the NATA News Dr. William Prentice from the University of North Carolina-Chapel Hill takes on this important topic. I believe he does a good job of remaining balanced and presenting the issue without necessarily shooting down the idea of making the transition. He does seem to oppose the idea based on a lack of research indicating that an advanced degree is necessary.
I believe there are advantages of making a switch to the ELM, but there are also disadvantages that have been brought up before. Let’s look at a few potential advantages and a few potential disadvantages.
•Advanced degree
•Ability to take additional classes
• Potential to be more research-based
• Believed to strengthen profession by weeding out less interested individuals

• Additional debt
• Eliminates graduate assistant positions
• Not clear what requirements would be in place for applicants

I do believe there are potential advantages to making this transition. But right now there are many questions that I believe out-weigh those advantages. The additional debt is definitely concerning to many because athletic training is not considered to be exactly the best-paying profession out there and there is no proof that by attaining an advanced degree the salary would improve. I can say that it would have priced me out of the profession. Another is the elimination of the graduate assistant positions. This can tie into a cost factor, but also from an experience standpoint. As Mitchell Gill tweeted me, his graduate assistant position allowed him to get his master’s degree and the experience that came along with that time. I had a former co-worker who did possess an ELM and she expressed concern about the lack of clinical experience that others can obtain when they pursue a master’s.

Probably my biggest concern with the potential transition is there is no standard prerequisite classes that one must take as an undergraduate student. Proponents say that this would improve our profession, but if one can get a bachelor’s in basket weaving and then get into an ELM program, then how has that improved the educational program? In fact, that could decrease the amount of classes required for the athletic training program. Other professions do not have specific undergraduate degrees that are required, but only a list of courses you must take. I’m not sure if that is the right route for us if we want to “improve our profession.”

Instead I have to wonder if a two-step approach is not more appropriate? There are many successful post-professional programs out there that are improving our profession and it is my belief that our professionals need to lean more toward these types of programs after obtaining the bachelor’s degree. This would allow one to become a certified athletic trainer after completing and undergraduate degree (and passing the BOC exam) and then they can choose a specialty of sorts as they select a master’s degree.

As Dr. Prentice says, there is much to be considered before making this big of a transition. I am making my voice heard. You should do the same!

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