REPOST: Pitch Counts in High School Baseball

February 17, 2012

Spring Training is about to begin. Pitchers and catchers are beginning to report to the spring training locations and baseball will be back here very soon! In honor of that, I am reposting this article that I wrote in college as a part of a research project….

This paper was written by Meagan Westendorf, ATC, Kim Stuckenschneider, and myself in the Fall 2010 semester for our Research Methods class. We conducted the research and carried out the study throughout the course of the semester. Here is a short excerpt of our research paper. More to follow..

Despite advances in diagnostic abilities, early treatment intervention, sport specific strength training including prehabilitation, and an increased ability in identifying players at risk, shoulder and elbow injuries continue to plague baseball pitchers of all ages.  The American Sports Institute, during two 5 year consecutive reporting periods between 1994-1999 and 2000-2004 reported a 4 fold increase in elbow surgeries in collegiate pitchers and a 6 fold increase in high school pitchers (Fleisig et al., 2006). The first prospective longitudinal study performed on youth baseball pitchers over two consecutive spring seasons found risk factors for both shoulder and elbow pain (Lyman, 2001).   Lyman et al. (2001) identified elbow pain increased with age, increased weight, weight training, pitching with arm fatigue, decreased satisfaction with one’s pitching, and number of pitches thrown per season.  Shoulder pain risk factors included several of the same factors including decreased satisfaction with one’s pitching, pitching arm fatigue, number of pitches thrown per season as well as number of pitches thrown per game and were confirmed by a subsequent study (Lyman et al., 2001).   More recent studies have looked at pitch type(Lyman, Fleisig, Andrews,& Osinski, 2002; Fleisig et al., 2006), pitch velocity (Bushnell, Anz, Noonan, Torry, & Hawkin, 2010; Olsen, Fleisig, Dun, Loftice, & Andrews, 2006), biomechanics (Davis  et al., 2009) and effects of fatigue on muscular structure and mechanics (Mair, Seaber, Glisson, &Garrett, 1996; Escamilla et al., 2007) in youth, adolescent, and collegiate baseball pitchers as risk factors for shoulder and elbow injuries.

Read the whole research paper here Pitch Counts in High School Baseball

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3 Responses to “REPOST: Pitch Counts in High School Baseball”

  1. Travis Says:

    Excellent article, thanks.

  2. Carmon Gentges Says:

    Medial epicondylitis is inflammation at the point where the tendons of the forearm attach to the bony prominence of the inner elbow. As an example, this tendon can become strained in a golf swing, but many other repetitive motions can injure the tendon. Golfer’s elbow is characterized by local pain and tenderness over the inner elbow. The range of motion of the elbow is preserved because the inner joint of the elbow is not affected.*


  3. Perfect, Mike! Thanks! I’ll share this with the coach!


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